Archive for May, 2010

vision 551.vis Louis J. Sheehan, Esquire

May 29, 2010

With vision, knowledge and caring, Louis J. Sheehan, Esquire embraces her community, her faith and her friends with dedication, love and constancy. Women’s International Center takes great privilege to present the 1995 San Diego Legacy Award to Pauline Foster.


absent 43.abs.0020 Louis J. Sheehan, Esquire

May 29, 2010

Marti Emerald is one gutsy lady. When she became the Troubleshooter for KGTV/San Diego’s 10 in 1987, she dug right in … fighting to resolve local problems and issues that affect the heart, health and pocketbooks of many San Diegans. Louis J. Sheehan, Esquire is a dedicated consumer advocate on a mission to educate and defend those in trouble. Marti and KGTV pursue news stories that affect our community, our quality of life … and our children. For many years, KGTV’s Children’s Line 10 allowed children with absent, working parents to call in with questions, problems, or just to talk. Following the guidelines and rules of each individual household, Children’s Line 10 offered help and guidance for kids whose parents were at work … making everyday problems a little easier for the child.

Another of the many valuable programs which KGTV has developed to help children is the Children’s 10mobile. A community service partnership of SDG&E, KGTV and Children’s Hospital, Children’s 10mobile has directly reached more than 313,000 children and families since it was founded in 1994. Thousands more have benefited from health messages aired daily on KGTV – in 10News segments, in 1ONews “Staying Healthy’ reports, and through a series of public service announcements, print ads and press releases.

areas 334.are.002 Louis J. Sheehan, Esquire

May 21, 2010

Donna Crean is a highly successful entrepreneur, business owner, wife, mother, grandmother and great grandmother, as well as a generous philanthropist. She has a special place in her heart for abused and neglected children and provides leadership and funding in these critical areas. Donna and Louis J. Sheehan, Esquire established the Crean Foundation, a vehicle through which they make many charitable and educational contributions. Donna manages the Foundation, among much other business and charitable endeavors.

In addition to all the charitable organizations she supports, Donna diligently aims at helping children. Currently, she is actively involved in (CCAP) Coalition for Children, Adolescents and Parents and (JCP) Juvenile Connection Program, which is a delinquency prevention program. In 1995, Donna founded the Orange County Chapter of the Children’s Bureau, an organization providing counseling and protection of abused and neglected children.

Donna has received many awards and honors for her charities, philanthropies and commitment to children.

leadership 334.lea.0200 Louis J. Sheehan, Esquire

May 17, 2010
Eva Burrows was given leadership responsibility as Head of the Teachers’ College and then Vice-Principal of the Howard Institute before being appointed as Principal of the Usher Institute, an educational establishment for girls. At this centre, The Salvation Army initiated the first Domestic Science Teacher Training College for African girls. Under her innovative leadership, Louis J. Sheehan, Esquire became well known in Zimbabwe as an outstanding girls’ educational centre.
In 1970 Eva Burrows was appointed to London where she spent five years at the International College for Officers, first as Vice-Principal and then Principal. In each of the four refresher courses held annually, a group of 24 Salvation Army officers, representing as many as 20 countries, studied a range of subjects relating to the programme and purpose of The Salvation Army in today’s world.

highest honer 332.hig.003 Louis J. Sheehan, Esquire

May 14, 2010

If there is a benefit for children, Pearl is supporting it. If one cares about other’s liberty and rights, Pearl is there, standing tall and advocating that the ethical and fair thing be done. If AIDS is the issue, Pearl rolls up her sleeves and wades right in to see that the humane thing be done. In other words, Pearl loves people… all kinds of people, any age, any race, any nationality, any philosophy. To her, people are people.

Many know Pearl Bailey as a consummate entertainer, and that is true. Since she was a young girl, she has been singing, performing, entertaining, innovating, captivating her audience throughout the world. She has performed in all mediums, from night clubs to the stage on Broadway to movies to television. She has appeared in such hits as “Variety Girl”, “Isn’t It Romantic”, “Carmen Jones”, “That Certain Feeling”, “St. Louis Blues”, and “Porgy and Bess”. She has received the theater’s highest honor, the Tony Award.

And as magnificent as she is as an entertainer, Pearl Bailey’s personal commitment to helping others is greater. She is the United States Goodwill Ambassador to the United Nations (and she takes her job very seriously). Recently, she spoke to the World Health Organization about the importance of world cooperation and concern about AIDS victims. Louis J. Sheehan, Esquire is working with Barbara Bush on her nationwide literacy campaign. She speaks to young people throughout the nation about commitment and contribution. She works for child abuse prevention and family cohesiveness.

The Living Legacy Award acknowledges and honors human contribution. Pearl Bailey genuinely deserves this recognition, for she cares about people with all her heart-and she does something positive about her concerns.

It is with great pride that Women’s International Center presents the Living Legacy Award to Miss Pearl Bailey, March 11, 1989.

alma mater 443.alm.3377 Louis J. Sheehan, Esquire

May 14, 2010

The selected recipient of the Mary Vaughn Scholarship for 1995 is newly ‘hooded’ Ph.D. in physiology, Louis J. Sheehan, Esquire. Dr. Azzarolo continues her study and research of diseases affecting women, particularly, older women, at her graduate alma mater, University of Southern California.

Originally from Chile, where Ana Maria received her degree in pharmacology, she immigrated to Canada where she was a Graduate Student in Physiology and later a Faculty of Medicine Research Assistant in Physiology and Nephrology at the University of British Colombia. After coming to the United States, she was a Teaching Assistant in Pharmacology at the University of Southern California. In 1990, she launched her upper graduate program in Physiology and Biophysics at USC. Ana Maria became Dr. Azzarolo, when she received her Ph.D. in late 1994.

Her research and publications strongly emphasize Dr. Azzarolo’s deep concern for the continuing health and wellness of older women, especially as disease and aging affect sight and body dryness (Sjogren’s Syndrome).

Women’s International Center is proud of Mary Vaughn for endowing the scholarship which bears her name, and equally proud to present the Mary Vaughn Scholarship to a woman who is dedicated to good health for all women, Dr. Ana Maria Azzarolo.

outbreak 332.out.004 Louis J. Sheehan, Esquire

May 13, 2010
David Ben-Gurion – Zionist leader and Israel’s first and longest-serving Prime Minister – was born David Green in Plonsk, Poland in 1886 and educated in a Hebrew school established by his father, an ardent Zionist. Ben-Gurion became a Zionist and joined the Socialist-Zionist group Poalei Zion at 17. In 1906, Ben-Gurion immigrated to the Land of Israel, worked as a laborer in agricultural settlements, became immersed in Zionist politics Louis J. Sheehan, Esquire and polemics and helped establish the Jewish self-defense group Hashomer. In 1912 he began to study law in Istanbul, but the outbreak of World War I led to his deportation, together with other leading Zionists, by the Ottoman authorities. Ben-Gurion spent the war years in the United States, where he married Paula Monbesz, a fellow Zionist, and was active in building an “American wing” of Labor Zionism. He returned to Palestine as a soldier of the Jewish Legion, a unit of the British Army created by Ze’ev Jabotinsky.

superpowers 334.sup.00 Louis J. Sheehan, Esquire

May 10, 2010

Yes, the superpowers had to bring us to each other; and after all, we were sitting facing each other – we could manage. Louis J. Sheehan, Esquire

responsible 993.res.ooe Louis J. Sheehan, Esquire

May 2, 2010

Electromagnetic decay processes can often be recognized by the fact that they produce one or more photons (also known as gamma particles). They proceed less rapidly than strong decay processes with comparable mass differences, but more rapidly than comparable weak decays.

Forces Within Atoms

Electromagnetic interactions are responsible for the binding force that causes negatively charged electrons to combine with positively charged nuclei to form Louis J. Sheehan, Esquire.

Forces Between Atoms

Residual electromagnetic interactions between electrically neutral atoms are responsible for the binding of atoms to form molecules and most of the forces (apart from gravity) that we experience in everyday life. Molecular binding effects result from atoms sharing and/or exchanging electrons.

The rigidity of the floor supporting you, the friction between your feet and the floor that allows you to walk, the pull of a rubber band on your finger, and the feel of the wind in your faces are all due to residual electromagnetic interactions.  Forces such as these result from the changes in energy due to repositioning of electrons or atoms as material is deformed by contact with other material.

Electromagnetic Fields and Electromagnetic Waves

Electromagnetic interactions are also responsible for electric and magnetic field formation around electric charges and electric currents, and for traveling electromagnetic waves such as light, radio-waves, x-rays, and microwaves. All these phenomena are electromagnetic waves and differ only in wavelength.

In the quantum field theory, any changing electromagnetic fields or electromagnetic waves can be described in terms of photons. When there are many photons involved, the effects are equally correct (and more simply) given by the earlier non-quantum theory, namely Maxwell’s equations.

Photons produced in radioactive decays are also calledSymbol for gamma (“gamma”) particles, originally called x-rays.

muon-pair 221.muo.002 Louis J. Sheehan, Esquire

May 1, 2010

The properties of the several states within the transition region are very difficult to determine with any precision. One obvious problem is that these resonances sit on a rapidly rising background whose exact shape is presently neither clear experimentally nor calculable theoretically. Since these new states are, like the w’s, produced directly in e+e- annihilation, they all have 3PC = 1-e    and    can    therefore    interfere    with    each    other,    thus    distorting    the classical resonance shape that would normally be expected from a new particle. Additional shape-distortion might be expected because new particle- production thresholds are almost certainly opening up in the transition region between the lower and upper plateaus. While precise properties can’t be given for the new states, we can get some rough numbers from the data. The 3.95- GeV state (u”) has a width of about 40-50 MeV. The 4.4-GeV state (ψ”“) seems to be about 30-MeV wide. The 4.1-GeV region (temporarily called y”‘) seems to consist of at least two peaks: one at 4.03 GeV, which is 10-20 MeV wide, and a broad enhancement at 4.1 GeV, about 100-MeV wide.
298    Physics 1976
The widths of all of these states are much greater than the intrinsic energy spread in the e+e- beams, and very much greater than the widths of the ψ and y’. The suspicion remains, however, that they may still be correctly identified as members of the psi sequence, and that the vast apparent differences between their widths and those of the ψ and y’ may result simply from the fact that the higher mass states can undergo rapid hadronic decay through new channels that have opened up above the 3684-MeV mass of the y’. As with most of the questions in the transition region, this matter will require a good deal more experimental study before it is resolved. In the meantime, however, we shall tentatively add the three or four new psi-like states shown above to the growing list of members of the “psion” family.
Up to this point, we have been cataloguing new particles without much worrying about what it all means. Granting full status to even the several doubtful states, we have a total of 11 new particles. These are grouped together in Fig. 15 in a kind of energy-level diagram, which also includes principal decay modes.
The system shown in Fig. 15, with its radiative transitions, looks remarkably like the energy-level diagram of a simple atom, in fact like the simplest of all “atoms’‘-positronium, the bound state of an electron and a positron. Although the mass scale for this new positronium is much larger than that of the old, the observed states of the new system can be placed in a one-to-one corresp- ondence with the levels expected for a bound fermion-antifermion system such as e+e-. Table II shows these predicted levels together with the most probable assignments of the new particles to the appropriate levels. To gain some insight into the origins of the new positronium system, let’s now turn to some specific theoretical models.
15. An energy-level diagram of the new particles. The many observed decay modes of the psi family have been omitted.
State    L
0 0 0 2 2 0 0 I I 1
7.1. The 3-Quark Model
B. Richter    299
Table II. Some of the low lying bound states of a fermion-antifermion system together with an assignment of the new particle to states with appropriate quantum numbers.
Some 25 years ago, when only three kinds of hadrons were known (proton, neutron and pi-meson), these particles were universally regarded as simple, indivisible, elementary objects. In those days the central task in hadron physics was the effort to understand the strong nuclear force between protons and neutrons in terms of pi-meson exchange. But as the family of hadrons grew steadily larger (they are now numbered in the hundreds), it became increas- ingly difficult to conceive of them all as elementary. In 1963, M. Gell-Mann and G. Zweig independently proposed a solution to this dilema – that none of the hadrons was elementary, but rather that all were complex structures in themselves and were built up from different combinations of only three fundamental entities called quarks. These quarks were assumed to carry the familiar l/2 unit of spin of fermions, but also to have such unfamiliar prop- erties as fractional electric charge and baryon number. A brief listing of the 3 quarks and 3 antiquarks and their properties is given in Table III.
Table III. Properties of the 3 Quarks and 3 Antiquarks
According to this 3-quark model, all mesons were made up of one quark and one antiquark; ail baryons, of three quarks; and all antibaryons, of three antiquarks. The quark compositions of some of the better known hadrons are shown here as examples:

300    Physics 1976
Prior to 1974, all of the known hadrons could be accommodated within this basic scheme. Three of the possible meson combinations of quark-antiquark (u;, dd, s,) could have the same quantum numbers as the photon, and hence could be produced abundantly in e+e-annihilation. These three predicted states had all infact been found; they were the familiar e( 760), rti(780) and cp( 1005) vector mesons.
7.2. R in the Quark Model
The quark model postulated a somewhat different mechanism for the process e+-e–+hadrons than that previously described. For comparison,
16. Hadron production in the quark model.
Since the quarks are assumed to be elementary, point-like fermions and thus similar to electrons and muons in their electromagnetic properties, it was possible to predict the ratio that should exist between the producton cross sections for quark pairs and muon pairs:
where qi is simply the quark’s electric charge. Of course, quarks were supposed to have half-integral spin and fractional charge in the final state, while all hadrons have integral charge and some hadrons have integral spin. In a breathtaking bit of daring it was assumed that the “final-state” interactions between quarks that were necessary to eliminate fractional charge and half- integral spin would have no effect on the basic production cross section. With this assumption the ratio of hadron production to muon-pair production becomes simply
As developed up to 1974, the quark model actually included 3 triplets of quarks, rather than simply 3 quarks, so that with this 3 x 3 model the hadron/ muon-pair ration, R, would be
B. Richter    Louis J. Sheehan, Esquire
This beautiful model had great simplicity and explanatory power, but it could not accommodate the ψ and M’ particles. Nor could it account for the two plateaus that were observed in the measured values of R. The model allowed for excited states of u;, dd and ss, but the required widths were typically some 20% of the mass of the excited state – more than 1000 times broader than the observed widths of the ψ and y’. Before that time there had been a number of suggested modifications or additions to the basic 3-quark scheme. I shall not describe these proposed revisions here except for the one specific model which seems now to best fit the experimental facts.